Description of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are red or bluish-purple blood vessels that protrude out from the skin’s surface due to excessive dilation. They bulge outwards, looking torturous or twisted, sort of like dense masses of twisted or tangled ropes. They can appear anywhere on the body, but they’re most commonly associated with legs.
Recent studies show that approximately 1 in 3 people in the US have varicose veins. If you have varicose veins, you can rest assured that advanced varicose vein treatments are minimally invasive, safe, and convenient.
The Root Cause of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are usually caused by an underlying medical condition known as chronic venous insufficiency.
Venous insufficiency is a circulatory disorder wherein the vein valves responsible for effective one-way blood circulation collapse. In healthy veins, the vein valves ensure blood flows efficiently from the legs to the heart, resisting the force of gravity. When the vein valves collapse due to numerous factors, blood flows backward and pools in the leg veins. The continued pressure of accumulated blood in the leg veins leads to vein wall dilation and the eventual formation of protruding varicose veins.
Risk Factors for Varicose Veins
- Family History: Genetic predisposition is the leading risk factor for varicose veins.
- Sex: Women are far more likely to get varicose veins than men, especially if they’re pregnant, have undergone multiple pregnancies, are post-menopausal, or taking birth control pills. That’s because higher estrogen levels increase the risk of vein disease.
- Age: The risk of vein disease increases as you grow older because of the gradual weakening of the vein valves. As such, men are more likely to get varicose veins after 50 years of age.
- Occupation: Teachers, nurses, drivers, and people with desk jobs are more likely to get varicose veins because their jobs necessitate elongated periods of sitting or standing still.
- Others: Other risk factors for varicose veins include weight gains, pregnancy, and undergoing hormone therapy.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins
- Symptoms of Varicose Veins: Varicose veins can cause some pain and discomfort, and they certainly cause considerable self-consciousness, but they’re largely asymptomatic.
- Early Symptoms of Vein Disease: Although varicose veins are usually asymptomatic, the underlying vein disease causes numerous symptoms, such as swollen ankles and legs, leg heaviness, restless leg syndrome, throbbing leg veins, frequent leg cramps, spider veins, and the formation of hard fatty deposits (lіроdеrmаtоѕсlеrоѕіѕ) under the skin.
- Complications of Vein Disease: Vein disease is a chronic condition and gradually escalates in scale, leading to numerous complications, such as blue or brown skin discoloration, venous eczema (stasis dermatitis), dry and itchy skin, and non-healing leg wounds (ulceration).
Varicose Veins Diagnosis in New Jersey
Our incredibly talented board-certified physicians in New Jersey follow a comprehensive approach to varicose vein treatments. We review your health history, discuss your symptoms, and examine your leg veins to determine the likelihood of underlying vein disease. If you have a high risk of vein disease, we run a duplex ultrasound scan. Our comprehensive varicose vein diagnosis allows us to curate highly-personalized vein treatments that address your specific goals, needs, and lifestyle requirements.
The Best Varicose Vein Treatment Options in NJ
- Exercise: Running, swimming, and cycling facilitates effective blood circulation to the heart, alleviating some of the symptoms of vein disease. However, the relief is temporary.
- Leg Elevation: Elevating your legs over your heart’s level while sleeping or sitting temporarily reduces the symptoms of vein disease.
- Compression Stockings: Wearing skin-tight compression stockings pushes the accumulated blood towards the heart, providing temporary relief from the symptoms of vein disease.
- Ambulatory Phlebectomy: Also known as micro-surgery, this treatment involves the physical extraction of the varicose veins.
- Sclerotherapy: The vein doctor injects a foam or liquid solution into the varicose veins to close the diseased vessels.
- Radiofrequency & Laser Ablation: The vein doctor uses thermal or laser energy to destroy the diseased veins, thereby treating the root cause of varicose veins.
The Safety of Varicose Vein Treatments in NJ
Thanks to recent advancements in vein care and technologies, minimally invasive varicose vein treatments are painless, comfortable, and completely safe. The risk of complications is negligible, and patients can resume their daily activities as soon as they leave the vein clinic. Radiofrequency ablation and sclerotherapy are the most effective and comfortable varicose vein treatments in NJ — they treat the underlying vein disease and improve your cosmetic appearance. However, you must consult a reliable vein doctor in New Jersey — someone who diagnoses and treats the root cause of your varicose veins to ensure optimal and lasting results.