Varicose Veins Overview
Description of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are red or bluish-purple blood vessels that protrude out from your skin’s surface due to excessive dilation. They bulge outwards, looking torturous or twisted, sort of like dense masses of twisted or tangled ropes. They can appear anywhere on your body, but they’re most commonly associated with legs.
Recent studies show that approximately 1 in 3 people in the US have varicose veins. If you have varicose veins, you can rest assured that advanced varicose vein treatments are minimally invasive, safe, and convenient.
The Root Cause of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are usually caused by an underlying medical condition known as chronic venous insufficiency.
Venous insufficiency is a circulatory disorder wherein the vein valves responsible for effective one-way blood circulation collapse. In healthy veins, the vein valves ensure blood flows efficiently from the legs to the heart, resisting the force of gravity. When the vein valves collapse due to numerous factors, blood flows backward and pools in your leg veins. The continued pressure of accumulated blood in your leg veins leads to vein wall dilation and the eventual formation of protruding varicose veins.
Risk Factors for Varicose Veins
- Family History: Genetic predisposition is the leading risk factor for varicose veins. If your parents have a history of vein problems, you have a high risk of vein disease.
- Sex: If you’re a woman, you are far more likely to get varicose veins than men, especially if you’re pregnant, have undergone multiple pregnancies, are post-menopausal, or taking birth control pills. That’s because higher estrogen levels increase the risk of vein disease.
- Age: The risk of vein disease increases as you grow older because of the gradual weakening of the vein valves. As such, if you’re a man over 50, you have a high risk of varicose veins.
- Occupation: If your necessitates elongated periods of sitting or standing still, you have a high risk of varicose veins. That’s why varicose veins are more common amongst teachers, nurses, drivers, and people with desk jobs.
- Others: Other risk factors for varicose veins include weight gains, pregnancy, and undergoing hormone therapy.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins
- Symptoms of Varicose Veins: You might experience some pain and discomfort because of varicose veins. You may also experience self-consciousness and self-esteem issues. But varicose veins are largely asymptomatic.
- Early Symptoms of Vein Disease: Although varicose veins are usually asymptomatic, the underlying vein disease causes numerous symptoms. As such, your varicose veins might be accompanied with swollen ankles and legs, leg heaviness, restless leg syndrome, throbbing leg veins, frequent leg cramps, spider veins, and the formation of hard fatty deposits (lіроdеrmаtоѕсlеrоѕіѕ) under your skin.
- Complications of Vein Disease: Vein disease is a chronic condition and gradually escalates in scale, leading to numerous complications. If you don’t seek prompt vein treatment, you may eventually experience blue or brown skin discoloration, venous eczema (stasis dermatitis), dry and itchy skin, and non-healing leg wounds (ulceration).
Your Varicose Veins Diagnosis in New Jersey
Our incredibly talented board-certified physicians in New Jersey follow a comprehensive approach to varicose vein treatments. We review your health history, discuss your symptoms, and examine your leg veins to determine the likelihood of underlying vein disease. If you have a high risk of vein disease, we run a duplex ultrasound scan. Our comprehensive varicose vein diagnosis allows us to curate highly-personalized vein treatments that address your specific goals, needs, and lifestyle requirements.
The Best Varicose Vein Treatment Options for You in NJ
- Exercise: You may experience temporary relief by running, swimming, and cycling. These activities facilitate effective blood circulation to the heart, alleviating some of the symptoms of vein disease.
- Leg Elevation: Elevating your legs over your heart’s level while sleeping or sitting temporarily reduces the symptoms of vein disease.
- Compression Stockings: Wearing skin-tight compression stockings pushes the accumulated blood towards the heart. As such, compression stockings may offer you temporary relief from the symptoms of vein disease.
- Ambulatory Phlebectomy: Also known as micro-surgery, our vein doctors physically extract the varicose veins through small incisions on your skin’s surface.
- Sclerotherapy: Our vein doctors inject a foam or liquid solution into your varicose veins to close the diseased vessels.
- Radiofrequency & Laser Ablation: Our vein doctors use thermal or laser energy to destroy the diseased veins, thereby treating the root cause of your varicose veins.
Your Varicose Vein Treatments in NJ are Safe & Painless
We believe your varicose vein treatments should be safe, convenient, and painless. Thanks to recent advancements in vein care and technologies, we offer minimally invasive varicose vein treatments that are painless, comfortable, and completely safe. The risk of complications is negligible, and you can resume your daily activities as soon as you leave the vein clinic. We believe radiofrequency ablation and sclerotherapy are the most effective and comfortable varicose vein treatments in NJ — they treat the underlying vein disease and improve your cosmetic appearance. However, we encourage you to consult our reliable vein doctors in New Jersey because they diagnose and treat the root cause of your varicose veins to ensure lasting results.